FAO Institute Code of the institute where the accession is maintained.
Example: NLD037
Example: NLD037
This number serves as a unique identifier for accessions within a genebank collection, and is assigned when a sample is entered into the genebank collection.
Example: CGN00254
Example: CGN00254
Accession species
Either a registered or other formal designation given to the accession. First letter uppercase. Multiple names separated with semicolon without space.
Example: Rheinische Vorgebirgstrauben;Emma;Avlon
Example: Rheinische Vorgebirgstrauben;Emma;Avlon
Location of description
Year of description
This refers to both the size of the tree and the intrinsic ability of the scaffold branches and shoots to grow in length and width. It is divided into the following categories:
1 Weak: Tree whose growth is modest even under optimal agronomic conditions. When mature, the trunk and the area projected by the canopy of the tree are distinctly less than what is expected of a specimen of this species.
2 Medium: Tree which, in each area and when applied normal cultural practices, displays the average development expected of an olive tree.
3 Strong: Tree which, in each area and when applied normal cultural practices, displays strong growth, marked trunk and canopy development in terms of both height and volume, and vigorous, long branches.
1 Weak: Tree whose growth is modest even under optimal agronomic conditions. When mature, the trunk and the area projected by the canopy of the tree are distinctly less than what is expected of a specimen of this species.
2 Medium: Tree which, in each area and when applied normal cultural practices, displays the average development expected of an olive tree.
3 Strong: Tree which, in each area and when applied normal cultural practices, displays strong growth, marked trunk and canopy development in terms of both height and volume, and vigorous, long branches.
This character describes the natural distribution of the scaffold branches and shoots before there is interference from the training shape adopted and when vigour exerts little influence. Growth habit is divided into three categories:
1 Drooping: Characterised by plagiotropic branching, i.e. by shoots and limbs which are small in diameter and bend downwards from the outset.
2 Spreading: Natural growth habit that can be characterised by initial orthotropic branching. The weight of the canopy and/or of the crop subsequently forces the limb to bend down and turn in the direction in which the greatest amount of light and space is available. The canopy thus becomes hemispherical in shape (even when the olive has several trunks, they always remain quite distinct from each other).
3 Erect: Habit characteristic of certain cultivars whose branches tend to grow vertically and have a strong apical dominance. The tree acquires a fairly pronounced conical shape which becomes cylindrical on reaching maturity. As a rule, cultivars which have an erect growth habit are also vigorous although there are some major exceptions.
1 Drooping: Characterised by plagiotropic branching, i.e. by shoots and limbs which are small in diameter and bend downwards from the outset.
2 Spreading: Natural growth habit that can be characterised by initial orthotropic branching. The weight of the canopy and/or of the crop subsequently forces the limb to bend down and turn in the direction in which the greatest amount of light and space is available. The canopy thus becomes hemispherical in shape (even when the olive has several trunks, they always remain quite distinct from each other).
3 Erect: Habit characteristic of certain cultivars whose branches tend to grow vertically and have a strong apical dominance. The tree acquires a fairly pronounced conical shape which becomes cylindrical on reaching maturity. As a rule, cultivars which have an erect growth habit are also vigorous although there are some major exceptions.
Indicates the extent of canopy vegetation and can be measured by the possibility of light penetration. Result of the interaction between the length of the internodes, the number and vigour of the shoots and the size of the leaves. It is classified into three categories:
1 Sparse: This is normally associated with fastgrowing cultivars with long internodes. From any point "spaces" are observed through which light can penetrate.
2 Medium: Density typical of the species. Vegetation is abundant but internode length and growth always leave internal spaces which produce a shading effect.
3 Dense: This is characteristic of cultivars with short internodes, abundant branching and heavy foliage. The canopy displays a compact surface, the inner section of which is shaded.
1 Sparse: This is normally associated with fastgrowing cultivars with long internodes. From any point "spaces" are observed through which light can penetrate.
2 Medium: Density typical of the species. Vegetation is abundant but internode length and growth always leave internal spaces which produce a shading effect.
3 Dense: This is characteristic of cultivars with short internodes, abundant branching and heavy foliage. The canopy displays a compact surface, the inner section of which is shaded.
This character is observed in 810 fruiting shoots located around the tree at shoulder level. It is divided into the following categories:
1 Short (< 1 cm)
2 Medium (13 cm)
3 Long (> 3 cm)
1 Short (< 1 cm)
2 Medium (13 cm)
3 Long (> 3 cm)
This is determined by the ratio between the length (L) and the width (W):
1 Elliptic (L/W < 4)
2 EllipticLanceolate (L/W 46)
3 Lanceolate (L/W > 6)
1 Elliptic (L/W < 4)
2 EllipticLanceolate (L/W 46)
3 Lanceolate (L/W > 6)
1 Short (< 5 cm)
2 Medium (57 cm)
3 Long (> 7 cm)
2 Medium (57 cm)
3 Long (> 7 cm)
Leaf width.
1 Narrow (< 1 cm)
2 Medium (11.5 cm)
3 Broad (> 1.5 cm)
1 Narrow (< 1 cm)
2 Medium (11.5 cm)
3 Broad (> 1.5 cm)
The longitudinal axis permits classification as:
1 Epinastic
2 Flat
3 Hyponastic
4 Helicoid
1 Epinastic
2 Flat
3 Hyponastic
4 Helicoid
1 Short (< 25 mm)
2 Medium (2535 mm)
3 Long (> 35 mm)
2 Medium (2535 mm)
3 Long (> 35 mm)
1 Low (< 18 flowers)
2 Medium (1825 flowers)
3 High (> 25 flowers)
2 Medium (1825 flowers)
3 High (> 25 flowers)
1 Low (< 2 g)
2 Medium (24 g)
3 High (46 g)
4 Very High (> 6 g)
2 Medium (24 g)
3 High (46 g)
4 Very High (> 6 g)
Ratio between the length (L) and width (W):
1 Spherical (L/W < 1.25)
2 Ovoid (L/W 1.251.45)
3 Elongated (L/W > 1.45)
1 Spherical (L/W < 1.25)
2 Ovoid (L/W 1.251.45)
3 Elongated (L/W > 1.45)
Extent to which the two longitudinal halves match:
1 Symmetric
2 Slightly asymmetric
3 Asymmetric
1 Symmetric
2 Slightly asymmetric
3 Asymmetric
According to its location:
1 Towards base
2 Central
3 Towards apex
1 Towards base
2 Central
3 Towards apex
1 Pointed
2 Rounded
2 Rounded
1 Truncate
2 Rounded
2 Rounded
This characteristic of the tip of the fruit style is:
1 Absent
2 Tenuous
3 Obvious
1 Absent
2 Tenuous
3 Obvious
When the fruit is still green:
1 Few
2 Many
1 Few
2 Many
When the fruit is still green:
1 Small
2 Large
1 Small
2 Large
First violet blotches appear on epidermis:
1 From the base
2 Uniformly across the whole epidermis
3 From the apex
1 From the base
2 Uniformly across the whole epidermis
3 From the apex
Observed at the end of the ripening process:
1. Black
2. Other (specify)
1. Black
2. Other (specify)
1 Low (< 0.3 g)
2 Medium (0.30.45 g)
3 High (0.450.7 g)
4 Very high (> 0.7 g)
2 Medium (0.30.45 g)
3 High (0.450.7 g)
4 Very high (> 0.7 g)
Ratio between the length (L) and width (W):
1 Spherical (L/W < 1.4)
2 Ovoid (L/W 1.41.8)
3 Elliptic (L/W 1.82.2)
4 Elongated (L/W > 2.2)
1 Spherical (L/W < 1.4)
2 Ovoid (L/W 1.41.8)
3 Elliptic (L/W 1.82.2)
4 Elongated (L/W > 2.2)
Extent to which the two longitudinal halves match:
1 Symmetric
2 Slightly asymmetric
3 Asymmetric
1 Symmetric
2 Slightly asymmetric
3 Asymmetric
1 Symmetric
2 Slightly asymmetric
2 Slightly asymmetric
1 Towards base
2 Central
3 Towards apex
2 Central
3 Towards apex
1 Pointed
2 Rounded
2 Rounded
1 Truncate
2 Pointed
3 Rounded
2 Pointed
3 Rounded
Based on depth and abundance of fibrovascular bundles:
1 Smooth
2 Rugose
3 Scabrous
1 Smooth
2 Rugose
3 Scabrous
Number of grooves that can be seen from the stalk insertion point:
1 Low (< 7)
2 Medium (710)
3 High (> 10)
1 Low (< 7)
2 Medium (710)
3 High (> 10)
1 Regular
2 Grouped around the sutre
2 Grouped around the sutre
1 Without mucro
2 With mucro
2 With mucro
Characterization data  

FAO institute code 
HRV048

Accession number 
FRU00026

Accession species 
Olea europaea L.

Accession name 
Plominka

Location of description  
Year of description  
1.1 Tree: vigour 
3, Strong

1.2 Tree: growth habit 
2, Spreading

1.3 Tree: canopy density 
2, Medium

1.4 Tree: length of the internodes 
2, Medium (13 cm)

(*) 2.1 Leaf: shape 
2, EllipticLanceolate (L/W 46)

2.2 Leaf: length 
1, Short (< 5 cm)

2.3 Leaf: width 
2, Medium (11.5 cm)

2.4 Leaf: longitudinal curvature of blade 
2, Medium (11.5 cm)

3.1 Inflorescence: length 
1, Short (< 25 mm)

3.2 Inflorescence: number of flowers/inflorescence 
1, Low (< 18 flowers)

4.1 Fruit: weight  
(*) 4.2 Fruit: shape (position A)  
4.3 Fruit: symmetry (position A)  
(*) 4.4 Fruit: position of maximum transverse diameter (position B)  
4.5 Fruit: apex (position A)  
4.6 Fruit: base (position A)  
(*) 4.7 Fruit: nipple  
4.8 Fruit: presence of lenticels  
4.9 Fruit: size of lenticels  
(*) 4.10 Fruit: location of start of colour change  
4.11 Fruit: colour at full maturity  
5.1 Endocarp: weight  
(*) 5.2 Endocarp: shape (position A)  
(*) 5.3 Endocarp: symmetry (position A)  
(*) 5.4 Endocarp: symmetry (position B)  
(*) 5.5 Endocarp: position of maximum transverse diameter (position B)  
(*) 5.6 Endocarp: apex (position A)  
(*) 5.7 Endocarp: base (position A)  
(*) 5.8 Endocarp: surface (position B)  
(*) 5.9 Endocarp: number of grooves  
(*) 5.10 Endocarp: distribution of the grooves  
(*) 5.11 Endocarp: termination of the apex (position A) 